useAsyncData provides access to data that resolves asynchronously in a SSR-friendly composable.

Within your pages, components, and plugins you can use useAsyncData to get access to data that resolves asynchronously.

useAsyncData is a composable meant to be called directly in a setup function, plugin, or route middleware. It returns reactive composables and handles adding responses to the Nuxt payload so they can be passed from server to client without re-fetching the data on client side when the page hydrates.


<script setup>
const { data, pending, error, refresh } = await useAsyncData(
  () => $fetch('')

Watch Params

The built-in watch option allows automatically rerunning the fetcher function when any changes are detected.

<script setup>
const page = ref(1)
const { data: posts } = await useAsyncData(
  () => $fetch('', {
    params: {
      page: page.value
  }), {
    watch: [page]
useAsyncData is a reserved function name transformed by the compiler, so you should not name your own function useAsyncData .
Read more in Docs > Getting Started > Data Fetching #useasyncdata.


  • key: a unique key to ensure that data fetching can be properly de-duplicated across requests. If you do not provide a key, then a key that is unique to the file name and line number of the instance of useAsyncData will be generated for you.
  • handler: an asynchronous function that must return a truthy value (for example, it should not be undefined or null) or the request may be duplicated on the client side
  • options:
    • server: whether to fetch the data on the server (defaults to true)
    • lazy: whether to resolve the async function after loading the route, instead of blocking client-side navigation (defaults to false)
    • immediate: when set to false, will prevent the request from firing immediately. (defaults to true)
    • default: a factory function to set the default value of the data, before the async function resolves - useful with the lazy: true or immediate: false option
    • transform: a function that can be used to alter handler function result after resolving
    • pick: only pick specified keys in this array from the handler function result
    • watch: watch reactive sources to auto-refresh
    • deep: return data in a deep ref object (it is true by default). It can be set to false to return data in a shallow ref object, which can improve performance if your data does not need to be deeply reactive.
Under the hood, lazy: false uses <Suspense> to block the loading of the route before the data has been fetched. Consider using lazy: true and implementing a loading state instead for a snappier user experience.
You can use useLazyAsyncData to have the same behavior as lazy: true with useAsyncData.

Return Values

  • data: the result of the asynchronous function that is passed in.
  • pending: a boolean indicating whether the data is still being fetched.
  • refresh/execute: a function that can be used to refresh the data returned by the handler function.
  • error: an error object if the data fetching failed.
  • status: a string indicating the status of the data request ("idle", "pending", "success", "error").

By default, Nuxt waits until a refresh is finished before it can be executed again.

If you have not fetched data on the server (for example, with server: false), then the data will not be fetched until hydration completes. This means even if you await useAsyncData on the client side, data will remain null within <script setup>.


function useAsyncData<DataT, DataE>(
  handler: (nuxtApp?: NuxtApp) => Promise<DataT>,
  options?: AsyncDataOptions<DataT>
): AsyncData<DataT, DataE>
function useAsyncData<DataT, DataE>(
  key: string,
  handler: (nuxtApp?: NuxtApp) => Promise<DataT>,
  options?: AsyncDataOptions<DataT>
): Promise<AsyncData<DataT, DataE>

type AsyncDataOptions<DataT> = {
  server?: boolean
  lazy?: boolean
  immediate?: boolean
  deep?: boolean
  default?: () => DataT | Ref<DataT> | null
  transform?: (input: DataT) => DataT
  pick?: string[]
  watch?: WatchSource[]
  getCachedData?: (key: string) => DataT

type AsyncData<DataT, ErrorT> = {
  data: Ref<DataT | null>
  pending: Ref<boolean>
  refresh: (opts?: AsyncDataExecuteOptions) => Promise<void>
  execute: (opts?: AsyncDataExecuteOptions) => Promise<void>
  error: Ref<ErrorT | null>
  status: Ref<AsyncDataRequestStatus>

interface AsyncDataExecuteOptions {
  dedupe?: boolean

type AsyncDataRequestStatus = 'idle' | 'pending' | 'success' | 'error'
Read more in Docs > Getting Started > Data Fetching.