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useAsyncData

useAsyncData provides access to data that resolves asynchronously in a SSR-friendly composable.

Within your pages, components, and plugins you can use useAsyncData to get access to data that resolves asynchronously.

useAsyncData is a composable meant to be called directly in the Nuxt context. It returns reactive composables and handles adding responses to the Nuxt payload so they can be passed from server to client without re-fetching the data on client side when the page hydrates.

Usage

pages/index.vue
<script setup lang="ts">
const { data, pending, error, refresh } = await useAsyncData(
  'mountains',
  () => $fetch('https://api.nuxtjs.dev/mountains')
)
</script>
data, pending, status and error are Vue refs and they should be accessed with .value when used within the <script setup>, while refresh/execute is a plain function for refetching data.

Watch Params

The built-in watch option allows automatically rerunning the fetcher function when any changes are detected.

pages/index.vue
<script setup lang="ts">
const page = ref(1)
const { data: posts } = await useAsyncData(
  'posts',
  () => $fetch('https://fakeApi.com/posts', {
    params: {
      page: page.value
    }
  }), {
    watch: [page]
  }
)
</script>
useAsyncData is a reserved function name transformed by the compiler, so you should not name your own function useAsyncData .
Read more in Docs > Getting Started > Data Fetching#useasyncdata.

Params

  • key: a unique key to ensure that data fetching can be properly de-duplicated across requests. If you do not provide a key, then a key that is unique to the file name and line number of the instance of useAsyncData will be generated for you.
  • handler: an asynchronous function that must return a truthy value (for example, it should not be undefined or null) or the request may be duplicated on the client side
  • options:
    • server: whether to fetch the data on the server (defaults to true)
    • lazy: whether to resolve the async function after loading the route, instead of blocking client-side navigation (defaults to false)
    • immediate: when set to false, will prevent the request from firing immediately. (defaults to true)
    • default: a factory function to set the default value of the data, before the async function resolves - useful with the lazy: true or immediate: false option
    • transform: a function that can be used to alter handler function result after resolving
    • getCachedData: Provide a function which returns cached data. A null or undefined return value will trigger a fetch. By default, this is: key => nuxt.isHydrating ? nuxt.payload.data[key] : nuxt.static.data[key], which only caches data when payloadExtraction is enabled.
    • pick: only pick specified keys in this array from the handler function result
    • watch: watch reactive sources to auto-refresh
    • deep: return data in a deep ref object (it is true by default). It can be set to false to return data in a shallow ref object, which can improve performance if your data does not need to be deeply reactive.
    • dedupe: avoid fetching same key more than once at a time (defaults to cancel). Possible options:
      • cancel - cancels existing requests when a new one is made
      • defer - does not make new requests at all if there is a pending request
Under the hood, lazy: false uses <Suspense> to block the loading of the route before the data has been fetched. Consider using lazy: true and implementing a loading state instead for a snappier user experience.
You can use useLazyAsyncData to have the same behavior as lazy: true with useAsyncData.
Learn how to use transform and getCachedData to avoid superfluous calls to an API and cache data for visitors on the client.

Return Values

  • data: the result of the asynchronous function that is passed in.
  • pending: a boolean indicating whether the data is still being fetched.
  • refresh/execute: a function that can be used to refresh the data returned by the handler function.
  • error: an error object if the data fetching failed.
  • status: a string indicating the status of the data request ("idle", "pending", "success", "error").

By default, Nuxt waits until a refresh is finished before it can be executed again.

If you have not fetched data on the server (for example, with server: false), then the data will not be fetched until hydration completes. This means even if you await useAsyncData on the client side, data will remain null within <script setup>.

Type

Signature
function useAsyncData<DataT, DataE>(
  handler: (nuxtApp?: NuxtApp) => Promise<DataT>,
  options?: AsyncDataOptions<DataT>
): AsyncData<DataT, DataE>
function useAsyncData<DataT, DataE>(
  key: string,
  handler: (nuxtApp?: NuxtApp) => Promise<DataT>,
  options?: AsyncDataOptions<DataT>
): Promise<AsyncData<DataT, DataE>

type AsyncDataOptions<DataT> = {
  server?: boolean
  lazy?: boolean
  immediate?: boolean
  deep?: boolean
  dedupe?: 'cancel' | 'defer'
  default?: () => DataT | Ref<DataT> | null
  transform?: (input: DataT) => DataT | Promise<DataT>
  pick?: string[]
  watch?: WatchSource[]
  getCachedData?: (key: string, nuxtApp: NuxtApp) => DataT
}

type AsyncData<DataT, ErrorT> = {
  data: Ref<DataT | null>
  pending: Ref<boolean>
  refresh: (opts?: AsyncDataExecuteOptions) => Promise<void>
  execute: (opts?: AsyncDataExecuteOptions) => Promise<void>
  clear: () => void
  error: Ref<ErrorT | null>
  status: Ref<AsyncDataRequestStatus>
};

interface AsyncDataExecuteOptions {
  dedupe?: 'cancel' | 'defer'
}

type AsyncDataRequestStatus = 'idle' | 'pending' | 'success' | 'error'
Read more in Docs > Getting Started > Data Fetching.