Layouts Directory

Nuxt provides a customizable layouts framework you can use throughout your application, ideal for extracting common UI or code patterns into reusable layout components.

Layouts are placed in the layouts/ directory and will be automatically loaded via asynchronous import when used. Layouts are used by adding <NuxtLayout> to your app.vue, and either setting a layout property as part of your page metadata (if you are using the ~/pages integration), or by manually specifying it as a prop to <NuxtLayout>. (Note: The layout name is normalized to kebab-case, so someLayout becomes some-layout.)

If you only have a single layout in your application, we recommend using app.vue instead.

Unlike other components, your layouts must have a single root element to allow Nuxt to apply transitions between layout changes - and this root element cannot be a <slot />.

Enabling the Default Layout

Add a ~/layouts/default.vue:

<template>  <div>    Some default layout shared across all pages    <slot />  </div></template>

In a layout file, the content of the layout will be loaded in the <slot />, rather than using a special component.

If you use a app.vue you will also need to add <NuxtLayout>:

<template>  <NuxtLayout>    some page content  </NuxtLayout></template>

Setting Another Layout

-| layouts/---| default.vue---| custom.vue

You can directly override the default layout like this:

<template>  <NuxtLayout :name="layout">    <NuxtPage />  </NuxtLayout></template><script setup>// You might choose this based on an API call or logged-in statusconst layout = "custom";</script>

Alternatively, you can override the default layout per-page like this:

<script>// This will work in both `<script setup>` and `<script>`definePageMeta({  layout: "custom",});</script>
<template>  <NuxtLayout>    <NuxtPage />  </NuxtLayout></template>
<template>  <div>    Some *custom* layout    <slot />  </div></template>
<template>  <div>    A *default* layout    <slot />  </div></template>
Learn more about defining page meta.

Changing the Layout Dynamically

You can also use a ref or computed property for your layout.

<template>  <div>    <button @click="enableCustomLayout">Update layout</button>  </div></template><script setup>function enableCustomLayout () {  setPageLayout('custom')}definePageMeta({  layout: false,});</script>
Read and edit a live example in Docs > Examples > Routing > Layouts.

Overriding a Layout on a Per-page Basis

If you are using the ~/pages integration, you can take full control by setting layout: false and then using the <NuxtLayout> component within the page.

<template>  <div>    <NuxtLayout name="custom">      <template #header> Some header template content. </template>      The rest of the page    </NuxtLayout>  </div></template><script setup>definePageMeta({  layout: false,});</script>
<template>  <div>    <header>      <slot name="header">        Default header content      </slot>    </header>    <main>      <slot />    </main>  </div></template>
If you use <NuxtLayout> within your pages, make sure it is not the root element (or disable layout/page transitions).