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State Management

Nuxt provides the useState composable to create a reactive and SSR-friendly shared state across components.

useState is an SSR-friendly ref replacement. Its value will be preserved after server-side rendering (during client-side hydration) and shared across all components using a unique key.

useState only works during setup or Lifecycle Hooks.

Because the data inside useState will be serialized to JSON, it is important that it does not contain anything that cannot be serialized, such as classes, functions or symbols.

Best Practices

Never define const state = ref() outside of <script setup> or setup() function.
Such state will be shared across all users visiting your website and can lead to memory leaks!

Instead use const useX = () => useState('x')


Basic Usage

In this example, we use a component-local counter state. Any other component that uses useState('counter') shares the same reactive state.

<script setup>
const counter = useState('counter', () => Math.round(Math.random() * 1000))
Counter: {{ counter }}
<button @click="counter++">
<button @click="counter--">
Read and edit a live example in Docs > Examples > Composables > Use State.


In this example, we use a composable that detects the user's default locale from the HTTP request headers and keeps it in a locale state.

Read and edit a live example in Docs > Examples > Other > Locale.

Shared State

By using auto-imported composables we can define global type-safe states and import them across the app.

export const useCounter = () => useState<number>('counter', () => 0)
export const useColor = () => useState<string>('color', () => 'pink')
<script setup>
const color = useColor() // Same as useState('color')
<p>Current color: {{ color }}</p>

Using third-party libraries

Nuxt used to rely on the Vuex library to provide global state management. If you are migrating from Nuxt 2, please head to the migration guide.

Nuxt is not opiniated about state management, so feel free to choose the right solution for your needs. There are multiple integrations with the most popular state management libraries, including:

  • Pinia - the official Vue recommendation
  • Harlem - immutable global state management
  • XState - state machine approach with tools for visualising and testing your state logic