Vue.js Development

Nuxt uses Vue as a frontend framework and adds features such as component auto-imports and file-based routing. Nuxt 3 integrates Vue 3, the new major release of Vue that enables new patterns for Nuxt users.

While an in-depth knowledge of Vue is not required to use Nuxt, we recommend that you read the documentation and go through some of the examples on

Nuxt has always used Vue as a frontend framework. We chose to build Nuxt on top of Vue for these reasons:

  • The reactivity model of Vue, where a change in data automatically triggers a change in the interface.
  • The component-based templating, while keeping HTML as the common language of the web, enables intuitive patterns to keep your interface consistent, yet powerful.
  • From small projects to large web applications, Vue keeps performing well at scale to ensure that your application keeps delivering value to your users.

Vue with Nuxt

Single File Components

Vue鈥檚 single-file components (SFC, or *.vue files) encapsulate the markup (<template>), logic (<script>) and styling (<style>) of a Vue component. Nuxt provides a zero-config experience for SFCs with Hot Module Replacement that offers a seamless developer experience.

Components Auto-imports

Every Vue component created in the components/ directory of a Nuxt project will be available in your project without having to import it. If a component is not used anywhere, your production鈥檚 code will not include it.

Vue Router

Most applications need multiple pages and a way to navigate between them. This is called routing. Nuxt uses a pages/ directory and naming conventions to directly create routes mapped to your files using the official Vue Router library.


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The app.vue file is the entry point, which represents the page displayed in the browser window.

Inside the <template> of the component, we use the <Welcome> component created in the components/ directory without having to import it.

Try to replace the <template>鈥檚 content with a custom welcome message. The browser window on the right will automatically render the changes without reloading.

馃挕 If you're familiar with Vue, you might be looking for the main.js file that creates a Vue app instance. Nuxt automatically handles this behind the scenes.

If you were a previous user of Nuxt 2 or Vue 2, keep reading to get a feel of the differences between Vue 2 and Vue 3, and how Nuxt integrates those evolutions.

Otherwise, go to the next chapter to discover another key feature of Nuxt: Rendering modes.

Differences with Nuxt 2 / Vue 2

Nuxt 3 is based on Vue 3. The new major Vue version introduces several changes that Nuxt takes advantage of:

  • Better performance
  • Composition API
  • TypeScript support

Faster Rendering

The Vue Virtual DOM (VDOM) has been rewritten from the ground up and allows for better rendering performance. On top of that, when working with compiled Single-File Components, the Vue compiler can further optimize them at build time by separating static and dynamic markup.

This results in faster first rendering (component creation) and updates, and less memory usage. In Nuxt 3, it enables faster server-side rendering as well.

Smaller Bundle

With Vue 3 and Nuxt 3, a focus has been put on bundle size reduction. With version 3, most of Vue鈥檚 functionality, including template directives and built-in components, is tree-shakable. Your production bundle will not include them if you don鈥檛 use them.

This way, a minimal Vue 3 application can be reduced to 12 kb gzipped.

Composition API

The only way to provide data and logic to components in Vue 2 was through the Options API, which allows you to return data and methods to a template with pre-defined properties like data and methods:

export default {
  data() {
    return {
      count: 0
  methods: {

The Composition API introduced in Vue 3 is not a replacement of the Options API, but it enables better logic reuse throughout an application, and is a more natural way to group code by concern in complex components.

Used with the setup keyword in the <script> definition, here is the above component rewritten with Composition API and Nuxt 3鈥檚 auto-imported Reactivity APIs:

<script setup lang="ts">
const count = ref(0);
const increment = () => count.value++;

The goal of Nuxt 3 is to provide a great developer experience around the Composition API.

TypeScript Support

Both Vue 3 and Nuxt 3 are written in TypeScript. A fully typed codebase prevents mistakes and documents APIs usage. This doesn鈥檛 mean that you have to write your application in TypeScript to take advantage of it. With Nuxt 3, you can opt-in by renaming your file from .js to .ts , or add <script lang="ts"> in a component.