Easily generate dynamic social share images.

nuxt-og-image

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Enlightened OG Image generation for Nuxt 3.


Status: v1 Released
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Features

  • ✨ Turn your Vue components into og:image templates
  • 🎨 Design them in the OG Image Playground with full HMR
  • ▲ Render using Satori: Tailwind classes, Google fonts, emoji support and more!
  • 🤖 Or prerender using the Browser: Supporting painless, complex templates
  • 📸 Feeling lazy? Just generate screenshots for every page: hide elements, wait for animations, and more
  • ⚙️ Works on the edge: Vercel Edge and Cloudflare Workers

Demos

Install

# Install modulenpm install --save-dev nuxt-og-image# Using yarnyarn add --dev nuxt-og-image

Setup

nuxt.config.ts

export default defineNuxtConfig({  modules: [    'nuxt-og-image',  ],})

Requirements

This feature uses Nuxt Islands, which requires Nuxt >= 3.1.

Add your host name

The og:image meta tag requires the full URL, so you must provide your site host.

nuxt.config.ts

export default defineNuxtConfig({  // Recommended   runtimeConfig: {   public: {     siteUrl: process.env.NUXT_PUBLIC_SITE_URL || 'https://example.com',   }  },  // OR  ogImage: {    host: 'https://example.com',  },})

Guides

Your first Satori og:image

For this guide, you will create your Satori OG image using the default component for your home page.

1. Define a static OG Image

Within your pages/index.vue, use defineOgImageStatic or OgImageStatic to define your og:image component.

Make sure you have defined some metadata as props will be inferred from it.

<script lang="ts" setup>// 1. make sure you have some metauseSeoMeta({  title: 'Home',  description: 'My awesome home page.',})// 2a. Use the Composition APIdefineOgImageStatic()</script><template>  <div>    <!-- 2b. OR Component API -->    <OgImageStatic />  </div></template>

2. View your og:image

Appending /__og_image__ to the end of the URL will show you the playground for that pages og:image. This provides a live preview of your og:image and allows you to edit it in real-time.

For example, if your local site is hosted at https://localhost:3000, you can view your og:image at https://localhost:3000/__og_image__.

3. Customize your og:image

While you have the playground open, start customising the OG Image by providing options to the defineOgImageStatic function.

<script lang="ts" setup>defineOgImageStatic({  title: 'Welcome to my site!'})</script>

Congrats, you've set up your first Satori og:image!

Making your own Satori template

Templates for OG images are powered by Nuxt Islands, which are just Vue components. In this guide we'll create a new template and use it for our og:image.

1. Create an island component

Make a folder in your components directory called islands.

Within this directory make a new component called MyOgImage.vue, you can use the following template to begin:

<script setup lang="ts">const props = defineProps({  title: String,})</script><template><div class="w-full h-full flex text-white bg-blue-500 items-center justify-center">  <h1 :style="{ fontSize: '70px' }">{{ title }} 👋</h1></div></template>

2. Use the new template

Now that you have your template, you can use it in for your defineOgImageStatic function.

<script lang="ts" setup>defineOgImageStatic({  component: 'MyOgImage',  title: 'Welcome to my site!'})</script>

View this image in your browser by appending /__og_image__ to the end of the URL.

3. Customize your template

Now that you have your template, you can start customizing it.

Any options you pass to the defineOgImageStatic composable will be available in the component. With this in mind, we can add support for changing the background color.

<script setup lang="ts">const props = defineProps({  title: String,  backgroundColor: String})</script><template><div :class="[backgroundColor]" class="w-full h-full flex text-white items-center justify-center">  <h1 :style="{ fontSize: '70px' }">{{ title }} 👋</h1></div></template>

Now let's customise the background to be green instead.

<script lang="ts" setup>defineOgImageStatic({  component: 'MyOgImage',  title: 'Welcome to my site!',  backgroundColor: 'bg-green-500'})</script>

Within the playground, you should now see the background color change to green.

Using Satori

It's important to familiarize yourself with Satori before you make more complex templates.

Satori has limited capacity for rendering styles; you should reference which ones are available within their documentation.

Out of the box, this module provides support for the following:

  • Tailwind classes
  • Google Fonts, default is Inter
  • Emoji support with Twemoji
  • Relative image support (you should link images from your public directory /my-image.png)

If you find Satori is too limiting for your needs, you can always use the browser provider to capture browser screenshots instead.

Taking screenshots

If you want to simply take a screenshot of your page, you can use the OgImageScreenshot component or defineOgImageScreenshot composable.

<script lang="ts" setup>defineOgImageScreenshot()</script>

Alternatively you can pass the { provider: 'browser' } option to defineOgImageStatic.

<script lang="ts" setup>defineOgImageStatic({  component: 'MyAwesomeOgImage',  // this will take a browser screenshot  provider: 'browser'})</script>

Requirements

If you don't have a chromium binary installed on your system, run npx playwright install.

If you are using this module in a CI context and the images aren't being generated, you may need to install a chromium binary.

You can do this by running npx playwright install within your build command.

package.json

{  "scripts": {    "build": "npx playwright install && nuxt build"  }}

API

The module exposes a composition and component API to implement your og:image generation. You should pick whichever one you prefer using.

OgImageStatic / defineOgImageStatic

The OgImageStatic component and the defineOgImageStatic composable creates a static image that will be pre-rendered.

The options follow the OgImageOptions interface, any additional options will be passed to the component as props.

It is useful for images that do not change at runtime.

Example

<script setup lang="ts">// a. Composition APIdefineOgImageStatic({  component: 'MyOgImageTemplate',  title: 'Hello world',  theme: 'dark'})</script><template>  <!-- b. Component API -->  <OgImageStatic    component="MyOgImageTemplate"    title="Hello world"    theme="dark"  /></template>

OgImageDynamic / defineOgImageDynamic

The OgImageDynamic component and the defineOgImageDynamic composable creates a dynamic image. They are not pre-rendered and will be generated at runtime.

The options follow the OgImageOptions interface, any additional options will be passed to the component as props.

This feature is not compatible with static sites built using nuxi generate.

Example

<script setup lang="ts">const dynamicData = await fetch('https://example.com/api') // a. Composition APIdefineOgImageDynamic({  component: 'MyOgImageTemplate',  title: 'Hello world',  dynamicData,})</script><template>  <!-- b. Component API -->  <OgImageDynamic    component="MyOgImageTemplate"    title="Hello world"    :dynamicData="dynamicData"  /></template>

OgImageOptions

alt

  • Type: string
  • Default: ''
  • Required: false

The og:image:alt attribute for the image. It should describe the contents of the image.

height

  • Type: number
  • Default: 630
  • Required: true

The height of the screenshot. Will be used to generate the og:image:height meta tag.

width

  • Type: number
  • Default: 1200
  • Required: true

The width of the screenshot. Will be used to generate the og:image:width meta tag.

component

  • Type: string
  • Default: OgImageBasic
  • Required: true

The name of the component to use as the template. By default, it uses OgImageBasic provided by the module.

provider

  • Type: string
  • Default: satori
  • Required: false

The provider to use to generate the image. The default provider is satori. When you use browser it will use Puppeteer to generate the image.

prerender

  • Type: boolean
  • Default: true when static, false when dynamic

OgImageScreenshot / defineOgImageScreenshot

The OgImageScreenshot component and the defineOgImageScreenshot composable creates a screenshot of a page using a browser.

The options follow the ScreenshotsOptions interface.

Example

<script setup lang="ts">// a. Composition APIdefineOgImageScreenshot({  // wait for animations  delay: 1000,})</script><template>  <!-- b. Component API -->  <OgImageScreenshot    url="https://example.com"    title="Hello world"    theme="dark"  /></template>

ScreenshotsOptions

This interface extends the OgImageOptions.

colorScheme

  • Type: 'dark' | 'light'
  • Default: light
  • Required: false

The color scheme to use when generating the image. This is useful for generating dark mode images.

defineOgImageScreenshot({  colorScheme: 'dark'})

delay

  • Type: number
  • Default: 0
  • Required: false

The delay to wait before taking the screenshot. This is useful if you want to wait for animations to complete.

defineOgImageScreenshot({  // wait 2 seconds  delay: 2000})

mask

  • Type: string
  • Default: undefined
  • Required: false

HTML selectors that should be removed from the image. Useful for removing popup banners or other elements that may be in the way.

defineOgImageScreenshot({  mask: '.popup-banner, .cookie-banner'})

selector

  • Type: string
  • Default: undefined
  • Required: false

The selector to take a screenshot of. This is useful if you want to exclude header / footer elements.

defineOgImageScreenshot({  selector: '.page-content'})

Module Config

host

  • Type: string
  • Default: undefined
  • Required: true

The host of your site. This is required to generate the absolute path of the og:image.

defaults

  • Type: OgImageOptions
  • Default: { component: 'OgImageBasic', width: 1200, height: 630, }
  • Required: false

The default options to use when generating images.

forcePrerender

  • Type: boolean
  • Default: false
  • Required: false

This is enabled when you run nuxi generate. It forces all OG images to be pre-rendered as the server is not available to generate runtime images.

fonts

  • Type: ``${string}:${number}[]
  • Default: ['Inter:400', 'Inter:700']
  • Required: false

Fonts families to use when generating images with Satori. When not using Inter it will automatically fetch the font from Google Fonts.

For example, if you wanted to add the Roboto font, you would add the following:

export default defineNuxtConfig({  ogImage: {    fonts: ['Roboto:400', 'Roboto:700']  }})

satoriOptions

  • Type: SatoriOptions
  • Default: {}
  • Required: false

Options to pass to Satori when generating images. See the Satori docs.

experimentalNitroBrowser (experimental)

  • Type: boolean
  • Default: false
  • Required: false

In a server runtime, the default behaviour is to generate images using Satori. If you'd like to generate runtime images using the a browser instance for screenshots, you can enable this setting.

This is experimental and may not work in all environments.

Examples

Sponsors

Credits

  • Pooya Parsa Kachick
  • Anthony Fu (Nuxt Devtools)
  • Nuxt Team

License

MIT License © 2023-PRESENT Harlan Wilton